Six villages in Senegal engaged in agro-forestry, forest restoration, and assisted natural regeneration to improve the ecosystem-based adaptation potential of the area. Various nature-based structures were also deployed to reduce salt water intrusion on forest and agricultural land.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature conducted the Ecosystems Protecting Infrastructure and Communities (EPIC) project in six countries including Senegal. EPIC worked primarily to build community resilience to climate change through ecosystem- and nature-based solutions. In Senegal, the project was implemented in six villages within the Djilor District in the Fatick Region. Livelihoods in this area depend largely on agriculture, livestock rearing and fisheries. These livelihoods are therefore inherently dependent on the surrounding ecosystems including mainly tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannahs, and shrublands as well as mangroves. More specifically, EPIC in Senegal constructed 76 anti-salt bunds which are small structures made of deadwood or sticks built along the contours of slopes to reduce salt intrusion and soil erosion while increasing water infiltration. Furthermore, assisted natural regeneration was implemented to conserve and restore forest resources, with 7,192 saplings growing on 232 hectares of cultivated land by the end of the project’s five-year time frame. Additionally, two nurseries were established to assist these natural regeneration and forest conservation efforts. The nurseries produced 1,766 plants over the course of five years. Agro-forestry parks were established using local forest species. The interventions were all fundamentally supported by capacity building efforts in which local communities participated in trainings and implemented the various initiatives themselves. This ensured that the interventions could continue to be carried out past the end date of EPIC’s involvement in the area.
All community-level interviewees reported feeling that the EPIC project had improved the resilience of local communities, improved their adaptive capacity and reduced their vulnerability.
All community-level interviewees reported feeling that the initiative had improved ecosystem resilience and maintained, restored or improved ecosystem services provision. Interviewees felt that provisioning and supporting services were maintained, restored or enhanced.
Several training events were organised to strengthen the capacities of communities and government officials to facilitate EPIC implementation as well as to promote scaling up of the approach. Anecdotal evidence revealed that the practices implemented had been found to improve soil quality and water availability and increase crop yields.